What is Value?
Value is tone, form, expression, shading, higher levels of thinking, space and depth, modeling, light abd dark and one element you need to understand to make great art.
Form:
A three-dimensional object or, in an artwork, the representation of a three-dimensional object, defined by contour, height, depth, and width.
A contour line shows form.
Below are examples of geometric forms

geo.jpg
geo.jpg


Value is shading / Chiaroscuro:

*shows The lightness or darkness of a color.
Intensity should be used in place of brightness.

*value can be altered byadding white to make tints or black to make shades of a color.
The same theory can be placed upon black and white.
*Value is measured on a Value scale.
A Value scale is
A series of blocks showing the gradual increase of
Dark to light

SO Value
* shows form, 3dimensio9ns, Volume, mass or the Illusion of depth.

* sets mood and emotion.

* Exhibits a higher order oF thinking

IN SUMMARY
4 things value does:
1) show form or give form to shape.
2) exhibit depth and space
3) show or develop mood or expression
4) exhibit a higher order of thinking.

*Consistency in shading makes value work better.

chiaroscuro-valuescale.jpeg
chiaroscuro-valuescale.jpeg

161405.image0.jpg
Differing grades of pencil
vase and pot shading.jpg

Chiaroscuro is

Italian designates the relative contrast of dark and light in a drawing, painting or print. Artists use chiaroscuro to create the effects of light. Light (chia) and dark (scuro) (spatial depth, Volumetric forms) are some terms used to describe value.


Below are examples of geometric forms and shading techniques


01-05.jpg
Shading IS
Shading is a term for A way of showing gradual changes in lightness or darkness. Shading helps make a picture look more 3 dimensional. (Chairoscuro) or real.
Techniques include
Blending
stippling
hatching
cross-hatching
contour shading
broken line
and hard edge
*Be consistent. establish a light source.

Depth: A technique to show distance or space on a two-dimensional plane.

Edge: The outside line of a shape or form.

Contrast: The difference between to unlike things, such as a dark color and a Light color. A principle of Design.


shading_hands.jpg


Proper pencil holding technique

cube and ball shading.jpg

The correct way to establish Value
a) establish a light source
b) outline a contour lightly (1)
c) establish darkess areas (Spaces) Hatch them to denote what they are (2)
d) hatch in mid tones etc… (3)
e) Draw ( 4)
f) If nesscessary use a blender, stumb, paper towel or very carefully use a pressure sensitive technique.

sketched-spheres.jpg


a001610342-001.jpg
a001610342-001.jpg


Light creating value on a sculpture

shading_values_cube.jpg
shading_values_cube.jpg

Value, Tints and shades in paint
Shading.jpg
Shading.jpg

The Technique of stippling

NoseShading_1.jpg
NoseShading_1.jpg

ShadeValueSphere.jpg
ShadeValueSphere.jpg

Below are the parts of a shadow. A pictorial device known as rim light is used On the object to separate the object and shadow. It is a sliver of reflected light.




treden.jpg
treden.jpg







landscape-value-scale-richard-mckinley-tip.jpg
landscape-value-scale-richard-mckinley-tip.jpg



gal_bootsLG.jpg
gal_bootsLG.jpg

By not drawing lines, the picture appears to be more real as no lines really exist in nature.


chirico9a.JPG
de Chirico, for more see gallery Notice how shadow and value work together to create a mood. In this case it is a harsh intense light that also creates long sharp shadows.

What is Value?
¿Qué es el valor?

How is value measured
¿Cómo se mide?

How does value effect color?
¿Quieres tener un valor de color?

What are 4 things that value is responsible for?
¿Cuáles son los cuatro valor de las cosas que hace en el arte?

1

2

3

4
What does a contour line and value have in common?
¿Qué es una línea de contorno? ¿Cómo que se asocian con el valor?

How does value express mood?
¿Cómo se valora expresa el estado de ánimo?